October 2023

Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor's, and to God the things that are God's. (Mt. 22:21)

Jesus has entered Jerusalem and people have acclaimed that he is the “Son of David”. This is a royal title that Matthew's gospel attributes to the Christ who has come to announce that the Kingdom of God is imminent.

In this context, a unique dialogue takes place between Jesus and a group of people who question him. Some are Herodians and others are Pharisees, two groups that held differing views with respect to the power of the Roman emperor. They ask him whether or not he judges it lawful to pay taxes to the emperor and thus force him to take sides for or against Caesar and, therefore, create the basis to make possible accusations against him.

But Jesus answers with another question about the image stamped on the coinage of the time. Since it is that of the emperor, he replies:

Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor's, and to God the things that are God's.

But what is due to the emperor, Caesar, and what is due to God?

Jesus recalls the primacy of God: for just as the image of the emperor was stamped on the Roman coins, so the image of God is stamped on every human being.

The rabbinic tradition itself affirms that every person is created in the likeness of God, [1] just as Caesar’s image was imprinted on coinage: “When a person stamps several coins with one seal, they are all similar to each other. But the supreme King of kings, the Holy One, Blessed be He, stamped all people with the seal of Adam the first man, as all of them are his offspring, and not one of them is similar to another.” [2]

Therefore, it is to God alone that we can give ourselves completely, to him alone we belong and in him we find freedom and dignity. No human power can claim the same allegiance.

“If there is anyone who knows God and can help us give him his rightful place, it is Jesus.

For him ... to love meant doing the Father's will with all his mind, heart, energy and life itself: he gave himself entirely to the Father's plan for him. The Gospel shows us that his focus was always upon the Father He asks the same of us: to love means to do the will of the Beloved, without half measures, with our whole being. ...

We are asked to do this wholly and completely because we cannot give God anything less than everything: our whole heart, our whole soul, our whole mind." [3]

Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor's, and to God the things that are God's.

Often, we are faced with dilemmas or difficult choices that threaten to make us slip into the temptation of finding a loophole or easy way out. Jesus too was tested when faced with two ideological solutions but for him it was clear: the priority was the coming of the kingdom of God and the primacy of love.

This Word makes us ask if are our hearts are won over by fame or if they are given to making rapid progress in our careers? Do we admire successful people and the various influencers? Do we give things their rightful place with God?

Jesus’ answer proposes a quantum leap and invites us to a serious and thorough discernment of our scale of values.

Deep in our consciences we can discern a voice that is sometimes subtle and overpowered by other voices but, nevertheless, is recognizable. It is the voice that urges us to tirelessly seek ways of creating fraternity and always encourages us to renew this choice, even at the cost of going against the tide of current opinion.

This is a fundamental exercise if we wish to build the foundations of genuine dialogue with others and try to find together adequate answers to the complexity of life. This does not mean we shirk personal responsibility towards society but that we offer ourselves in selfless service to the common good.

During the time Dietrich Bonhoeffer was imprisoned and eventually executed for civil resistance towards Nazism, he wrote to his fiancée, "I do not mean the faith that flees the world, but the faith that endures in the world and loves and remains faithful to the earth, despite all the tribulations it brings us. Our marriage must be a ‘yes’ to God's earth, it must strengthen our courage to work and create something on earth. I fear that Christians who dare to stand with only one foot on earth will have only one foot in heaven too."[4]

ed by Letizia Magri and the Word of Life team.



[1] Cf Gen 1:26
[2]Mishna Sanhedrin 4,5
[3] Chiara Lubich, Word of Life, Oct 2002
[4] Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Maria von Wedemeyer, “Lettera alla Fidanzata” Brescia 1992

THE IDEA OF THE MONTH, based on the Word of Life of the Focolare Movement, was born in Uruguay as part of the dialogue between people of different convictions, whose motto is "building dialogue". The purpose of this publication is to help promote the ideal of universal fraternity.  The IDEA OF THE MONTH is currently translated into 12 languages and distributed in more than 25 countries


Give therefore to the emperor the things that are the emperor

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